GET /2/tweets/:id (lookup by single ID)

Returns a variety of information about a single Tweet specified by the requested ID.



Endpoint URL

https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/:id

Authentication and rate limits

Authentication methods
supported by this endpoint

OAuth 2.0 Bearer token

OAuth 1.0a User context

Rate limit

300 requests per 15-minute window (app auth)

900 requests per 15-minute window (user auth)

Learn more about rate limits.



Path parameters

NameTypeDescription
id
 Required 
stringUnique identifier of the Tweet to request.


Query parameters

NameTypeDescription
expansions
 Optional 
enum (attachments.poll_ids, attachments.media_keys, author_id, entities.mentions.username, geo.place_id, in_reply_to_user_id, referenced_tweets.id, referenced_tweets.id.author_id)Comma-separated list of expansions. Expansions enable requests to expand an ID into a full object in the includes response object. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.
media.fields
 Optional 
enum (duration_ms, height, media_key, preview_image_url, type, url, width, public_metrics, non_public_metrics, organic_metrics, promoted_metrics)Comma-separated list of additional fields to return in the media object. The response will contain the selected fields only if a Tweet contains media attachments. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.
place.fields
 Optional 
enum (contained_within, country, country_code, full_name, geo, id, name, place_type)Comma-separated list of additional fields to return in the place object. The response will contain the selected fields only if location data is present in any of the response objects. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.
poll.fields
 Optional 
enum (duration_minutes, end_datetime, id, options, voting_status)Comma-separated list of additional fields to return in the poll object. The response will contain the selected fields only if a Tweet contains a poll. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.
tweet.fields
 Optional 
enum (attachments, author_id, context_annotations, conversation_id, created_at, entities, geo, id, in_reply_to_user_id, lang, non_public_metrics, public_metrics, organic_metrics, promoted_metrics, possibly_sensitive, referenced_tweets, source, text, withheld)Comma-separated list of additional fields to return in the Tweet object. By default, the endpoint only returns id and text. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.
user.fields
 Optional 
enum (created_at, description, entities, id, location, name, pinned_tweet_id, profile_image_url, protected, public_metrics, url, username, verified, withheld)Comma-separated list of additional fields to return in the user object. By default, the endpoint does not return any user field. To use this parameter, you must include the author_id expansion parameter in the request. Make sure to not include a space between commas and fields.


Example requests

  • cURL (default fields)
  • cURL (optional fields)
curl "https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/1067094924124872705" -H "Authorization: Bearer $BEARER_TOKEN"
curl "https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/1067094924124872705?expansions=attachments.media_keys&media.fields=type,duration_ms" -H "Authorization: Bearer $BEARER_TOKEN"

Example responses

  • Default fields
  • Optional fields
{
  "data": {
    "id": "1067094924124872705",
    "text": "Just getting started with Twitter APIs? Find out what you need in order to build an app. Watch this video! https://t.co/Hg8nkfoizN"
  }
}
{
  "data": {
    "author_id": "2244994945",
    "created_at": "2018-11-26T16:37:10.000Z",
    "text": "Just getting started with Twitter APIs? Find out what you need in order to build an app. Watch this video! https://t.co/Hg8nkfoizN",
    "id": "1067094924124872705"
  },
  "includes": {
    "users": [
      {
        "verified": true,
        "username": "TwitterDev",
        "id": "2244994945",
        "name": "Twitter Dev"
      }
    ]
  }
}

Response fields

NameTypeDescription
idstringDefault field - Unique identifier of this Tweet. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.
textstringDefault field - The content of the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=text in the request's query parameter.
created_atdate (ISO 8601)Creation time of the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=created_at in the request's query parameter.
author_idstringUnique identifier of this user. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=author_id in the request's query parameter.
conversation_idstringThe Tweet ID of the original Tweet of the conversation (which includes direct replies, replies of replies).

To return this field, add tweet.fields=conversation_id in the request's query parameter.
in_reply_to_user_idstringIf this Tweet is a Reply, indicates the user ID of the parent Tweet's author. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=in_reply_to_user_id in the request's query parameter.
referenced_tweetsarrayA list of Tweets this Tweet refers to. For example, if the parent Tweet is a Retweet, a Retweet with comment (also known as Quoted Tweet) or a Reply, it will include the related Tweet referenced to by its parent.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=referenced_tweets in the request's query parameter.
referenced_tweets.typeenum (retweeted, quoted, replied_to)Indicates the type of relationship between this Tweet and the Tweet returned in the response: retweeted (this Tweet is a Retweet), quoted (a Retweet with comment, also known as Quoted Tweet), or replied_to (this Tweet is a reply).
referenced_tweets.idstringThe unique identifier of the referenced Tweet.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.tweets by adding expansions=referenced_tweets.id in the request's query parameter.
attachmentsobjectSpecifies the type of attachments (if any) present in this Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=attachments in the request's query parameter.
attachments.media_keysarrayList of unique identifiers of media attached to this Tweet. These identifiers use the same media key format as those returned by the Media Library.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.media by adding expansions=attachments.media_keys in the request's query parameter.
attachments.poll_idsarrayList of unique identifiers of polls present in the Tweets returned. These are returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.polls by adding expansions=attachments.polls_ids in the request's query parameter.
geoobjectContains details about the location tagged by the user in this Tweet, if they specified one.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=geo in the request's query parameter.
geo.coordinatesobjectContains details about the coordinates of the location tagged by the user in this Tweet, if they specified one.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=geo.coordinates in the request's query parameter.
geo.coordinates.typestringDescribes the type of coordinate. The only value supported at present is Point.
geo.coordinates.coordinatesarrayA pair of decimal values representing the precise location of the user (latitude, longitude). This value be null unless the user explicitly shared their precise location.
geo.place_idstringThe unique identifier of the place, if this is a point of interest tagged in the Tweet.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.places by adding expansions=geo.place_id in the request's query parameter.
context_annotationsarrayContains context annotations for the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=context_annotations in the request's query parameter.
context_annotations.domainobjectContains elements which identify detailed information regarding the domain classification based on Tweet text.
context_annotations.domain.idstringContains the numeric value of the domain.
context_annotations.domain.namestringDomain name based on the Tweet text.
context_annotations.domain.descriptionstringLong form description of domain classification.
context_annotations.entityobjectContains elements which identify detailed information regarding the domain classification bases on Tweet text.
context_annotations.entity.idstringUnique value which correlates to an explicitly mentioned Person, Place, Product or Organization
context_annotations.entity.namestringName or reference of entity referenced in the Tweet.
context_annotations.entity.descriptionstringAdditional information regarding referenced entity.
entitiesobjectContains details about text that has a special meaning in a Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=entities in the request's query parameter.
entities.annotationsarrayContains details about annotations relative to the text within a Tweet.
entities.annotations.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the text used to annotate the Tweet.
entities.annotations.endintegerThe end position (zero based) of the text used to annotate the Tweet.
entities.annotations.probabilitynumberThe confidence score for the annotation as it correlates to the Tweet text.
entities.annotations.typestringThe description of the type of entity identified when the Tweet text was interpreted.
entities.annotations.normalized_textstringThe text used to determine the annotation type.
entities.urlsarrayContains details about text recognized as a URL.
entities.urls.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized URL within the Tweet.
entities.urls.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized URL within the Tweet.
entities.urls.urlstringThe URL in the format tweeted by the user.
entities.urls.expanded_urlstringThe fully resolved URL.
entities.urls.display_urlstringThe URL as displayed in the Twitter client.
entities.urls.unwound_urlstringThe full destination URL.
entities.hashtagsarrayContains details about text recognized as a Hashtag.
entities.hashtags.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized Hashtag within the Tweet.
entities.hashtags.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized Hashtag within the Tweet.
entities.hashtags.tagstringThe text of the Hashtag.
entities.mentionsarrayContains details about text recognized as a user mention.
entities.mentions.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized user mention within the Tweet.
entities.mentions.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized user mention within the Tweet.
entities.mentions.usernamestringThe part of text recognized as a user mention.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=entities.mentions.username in the request's query parameter.
entities.cashtagsarrayContains details about text recognized as a Cashtag.
entities.cashtags.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized Cashtag within the Tweet.
entities.cashtags.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized Cashtag within the Tweet.
entities.cashtags.tagstringThe text of the Cashtag.
withheldobjectContains withholding details for withheld content.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=withheld in the request's query parameter.
withheld.copyrightbooleanIndicates if the content is being withheld for on the basis of copyright infringement.
withheld.country_codesarrayProvides a list of countries where this content is not available.
withheld.scopeenum (tweet, user)Indicates whether the content being withheld is a Tweet or a user.
public_metricsobjectEngagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=public_metrics in the request's query parameter.
public_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted.
public_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of Replies of this Tweet.
public_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of Likes of this Tweet.
public_metrics.quote_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted with a comment (also known as Quote).
non_public_metricsobjectNon-public engagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=non_public_metrics in the request's query parameter.
non_public_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
non_public_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
non_public_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metricsobjectOrganic engagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request. Requires user context authentication.
organic_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed organically. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet organically. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet organically - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been Retweeted organically.
organic_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of replies the Tweet has received organically.
organic_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of likes the Tweet has received organically.
promoted_metricsobjectEngagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request in a promoted context. Requires user context authentication.
promoted_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed when that Tweet is being promoted. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet when it is being promoted. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet when it is being promoted - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted when that Tweet is being promoted.
promoted_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of Replies to this Tweet when that Tweet is being promoted.
promoted_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of Likes of this Tweet when that Tweet is being promoted.
possibly_sensitivebooleanIndicates if this Tweet contains URLs marked as sensitive, for example content suitable for mature audiences.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=possibly_sensitive in the request's query parameter.
langstringLanguage of the Tweet, if detected by Twitter. Returned as a BCP47 language tag.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=lang in the request's query parameter.
sourcestringThe name of the app the user Tweeted from.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=source in the request's query parameter.
includesobjectIf you include an expansion parameter, the referenced objects will be returned if available.
includes.tweetsarrayWhen including the expansions=referenced_tweets.id parameter, this includes a list of referenced Retweets, Quoted Tweets, or replies in the form of Tweet objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the tweet.fields parameter, assuming there is a referenced Tweet present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.usersarrayWhen including the expansions=author_id parameter, this includes a list of referenced Tweet authors in the form of user objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the user.fields parameter.
includes.placesarrayWhen including the expansions=geo.place_id parameter, this includes a list of referenced places in Tweets in the form of place objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the place.fields parameter, assuming there is a place present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.mediaarrayWhen including the expansions=attachments.media_keys parameter, this includes a list of images, videos, and GIFs included in Tweets in the form of media objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the media.fields parameter, assuming there is a media attachment present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.pollsstringWhen including the expansions=attachments.poll_ids parameter, this includes a list of polls that are attached to Tweets in the form of poll objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the poll.fields parameter, assuming there is a poll present in the returned Tweet(s).
errorsobjectContains details about errors that affected any of the requested Tweets. See Status codes and error messages for more details.

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