Basic query operators

The query can have operators that modify its behavior. the available operators are:

Operator Finds Tweets...
watching now containing both “watching” and “now”. This is the default operator.
“happy hour” containing the exact phrase “happy hour”.
love OR hate containing either “love” or “hate” (or both).
beer -root containing “beer” but not “root”.
#haiku containing the hashtag “haiku”.
from:interior sent from Twitter account “interior”.
list:NASA/astronauts-in-space-now sent from a Twitter account in the NASA list astronauts-in-space-now
to:NASA a Tweet authored in reply to Twitter account “NASA”.
@NASA mentioning Twitter account “NASA”.
politics filter:safe containing “politics” with Tweets marked as potentially sensitive removed.
puppy filter:media containing “puppy” and an image or video.
puppy -filter:retweets containing “puppy”, filtering out retweets
puppy filter:native_video containing “puppy” and an uploaded video, Amplify video, Periscope, or Vine.
puppy filter:periscope containing “puppy” and a Periscope video URL.
puppy filter:vine containing “puppy” and a Vine.
puppy filter:images containing “puppy” and links identified as photos, including third parties such as Instagram.
puppy filter:twimg containing “puppy” and a pic.twitter.com link representing one or more photos.
hilarious filter:links containing “hilarious” and linking to URL.
puppy url:amazon containing “puppy” and a URL with the word “amazon” anywhere within it.
superhero since:2015-12-21 containing “superhero” and sent since date “2015-12-21” (year-month-day).
puppy until:2015-12-21 containing “puppy” and sent before the date “2015-12-21”.
movie -scary :) containing “movie”, but not “scary”, and with a positive attitude.
flight :( containing “flight” and with a negative attitude.
traffic ? containing “traffic” and asking a question.

Please, make sure to URL encode these queries before making the request. There are several online tools to help you to do that, or you can search at twitter.com/search and copy the encoded URL from the browser’s address bar. The table below shows some example mappings from search queries to URL encoded queries:

Search query URL encoded query
#haiku #poetry %23haiku+%23poetry
“happy hour” :) %22happy%20hour%22%20%3A%29

Note that the space character can be represented by “%20” or “+” sign.

 

 

 

Additional parameters

There is a set of additional parameters that allows a better control of the search results. The GET search/tweets documentation has detailed information about the usage of the parameters, this section will only give a brief description of their capabilities:

  • Result Type: just like twitter.com/search results, the result_type parameter selects whether the result set will be represented by recent or popular Tweets, or even a mix of both.
  • Geolocalization: the search operator “near” isn’t available in the API, but there is a more precise way to restrict your query by a given location using the geocode parameter specified with the template “latitude,longitude,radius”, for example, “37.781157,-122.398720,1mi”. When conducting geo searches, the search API will first attempt to find Tweets which have lat/long within the queried geocode, and in case of not having success, it will attempt to find Tweets created by users whose profile location can be reverse geocoded into a lat/long within the queried geocode, meaning that is possible to receive Tweets which do not include lat/long information.
  • Language: the lang parameter restricts Tweets to the given language.
  • Iterating in a result set: parameters such count, until, since_id, max_id control iteration through search results, since it could be a large set of Tweets. The Working with Timelines documentation is a rich and illustrative tutorial to learn how to use these parameters to achieve the best efficiency and reliability when processing result sets.