GET /2/tweets/search/recent

The recent search endpoint returns Tweets from the last seven days that match a search query.

The Tweets returned by this endpoint count towards the Project-level Tweet cap.



Endpoint URL

https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/search/recent

Authentication and rate limits

Authentication methods
supported by this endpoint

OAuth 2.0 Bearer token

OAuth 1.0a User context

Rate limit

App rate limit: 450 requests per 15-minute window

User rate limit: 180 requests per 15-minute window

Query parameters

Name Type Description
query
 Required 
string One rule for matching Tweets. If you are using a Standard Project at the Basic access level, you can use the basic set of operators and can make queries up to 512 characters long. If you are using an Academic Research Project at the Basic access level, you can use all available operators and can make queries up to 1,024 characters long.
end_time
 Optional 
date (ISO 8601) YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ssZ (ISO 8601/RFC 3339). The newest, most recent UTC timestamp to which the Tweets will be provided. Timestamp is in second granularity and is exclusive (for example, 12:00:01 excludes the first second of the minute). By default, a request will return Tweets from as recent as 30 seconds ago if you do not include this parameter.
expansions
 Optional 
enum (attachments.poll_ids, attachments.media_keys, author_id, entities.mentions.username, geo.place_id, in_reply_to_user_id, referenced_tweets.id, referenced_tweets.id.author_id) Expansions enable you to request additional data objects that relate to the originally returned Tweets. Submit a list of desired expansions in a comma-separated list without spaces. The ID that represents the expanded data object will be included directly in the Tweet data object, but the expanded object metadata will be returned within the includes response object, and will also include the ID so that you can match this data object to the original Tweet object.

The following data objects can be expanded using this parameter:
  • The Tweet author's user object
  • The user object of the Tweet’s author that the original Tweet is responding to
  • Any mentioned users’ object
  • Any referenced Tweets’ author’s user object
  • Attached media’s object
  • Attached poll’s object
  • Attached place’s object
  • Any referenced Tweets’ object
max_results
 Optional 
integer The maximum number of search results to be returned by a request. A number between 10 and 100. By default, a request response will return 10 results.
media.fields
 Optional 
enum (duration_ms, height, media_key, preview_image_url, type, url, width, public_metrics, non_public_metrics, organic_metrics, promoted_metrics, alt_text) This fields parameter enables you to select which specific media fields will deliver in each returned Tweet. Specify the desired fields in a comma-separated list without spaces between commas and fields. The Tweet will only return media fields if the Tweet contains media and if you've also included the expansions=attachments.media_keys query parameter in your request. While the media ID will be located in the Tweet object, you will find this ID and all additional media fields in the includes data object.
next_token
 Optional 
string This parameter is used to get the next 'page' of results. The value used with the parameter is pulled directly from the response provided by the API, and should not be modified.
place.fields
 Optional 
enum (contained_within, country, country_code, full_name, geo, id, name, place_type) This fields parameter enables you to select which specific place fields will deliver in each returned Tweet. Specify the desired fields in a comma-separated list without spaces between commas and fields. The Tweet will only return place fields if the Tweet contains a place and if you've also included the expansions=geo.place_id query parameter in your request. While the place ID will be located in the Tweet object, you will find this ID and all additional place fields in the includes data object.
poll.fields
 Optional 
enum (duration_minutes, end_datetime, id, options, voting_status) This fields parameter enables you to select which specific poll fields will deliver in each returned Tweet. Specify the desired fields in a comma-separated list without spaces between commas and fields. The Tweet will only return poll fields if the Tweet contains a poll and if you've also included the expansions=attachments.poll_ids query parameter in your request. While the poll ID will be located in the Tweet object, you will find this ID and all additional poll fields in the includes data object.
since_id
 Optional 
string Returns results with a Tweet ID greater than (that is, more recent than) the specified ID. The ID specified is exclusive and responses will not include it. If included with the same request as a start_time parameter, only since_id will be used.
start_time
 Optional 
date (ISO 8601) YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ssZ (ISO 8601/RFC 3339). The oldest UTC timestamp (from most recent seven days) from which the Tweets will be provided. Timestamp is in second granularity and is inclusive (for example, 12:00:01 includes the first second of the minute). If included with the same request as a since_id parameter, only since_id will be used. By default, a request will return Tweets from up to seven days ago if you do not include this parameter.
tweet.fields
 Optional 
enum (attachments, author_id, context_annotations, conversation_id, created_at, entities, geo, id, in_reply_to_user_id, lang, non_public_metrics, public_metrics, organic_metrics, promoted_metrics, possibly_sensitive, referenced_tweets, reply_settings, source, text, withheld) This fields parameter enables you to select which specific Tweet fields will deliver in each returned Tweet object. Specify the desired fields in a comma-separated list without spaces between commas and fields. You can also pass the expansions=referenced_tweets.id expansion to return the specified fields for both the original Tweet and any included referenced Tweets. The requested Tweet fields will display in both the original Tweet data object, as well as in the referenced Tweet expanded data object that will be located in the includes data object.
until_id
 Optional 
string Returns results with a Tweet ID less than (that is, older than) the specified ID. The ID specified is exclusive and responses will not include it.
user.fields
 Optional 
enum (created_at, description, entities, id, location, name, pinned_tweet_id, profile_image_url, protected, public_metrics, url, username, verified, withheld) This fields parameter enables you to select which specific user fields will deliver in each returned Tweet. Specify the desired fields in a comma-separated list without spaces between commas and fields. While the user ID will be located in the original Tweet object, you will find this ID and all additional user fields in the includes data object.

You must also pass one of the user expansions to return the desired user fields:
  • expansions=author_id
  • expansions=entities.mentions.username
  • expansions=in_reply_to_user_id
  • expansions=referenced_tweets.id.author_id



Example requests

      curl https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/search/recent?query=from%3Atwitterdev%20new%20-is%3Aretweet&max_results=10 -H "Authorization: Bearer $BEARER_TOKEN"
    
      curl "https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/search/recent?query=from%3Atwitterdev%20new%20-is%3Aretweet&max_results=10&expansions=author_id&tweet.fields=created_at,lang,conversation_id&user.fields=created_at,entities" -H "Authorization: Bearer $BEARER_TOKEN"
    

Example responses

      {
  "data": [
    {
      "id": "1373001119480344583",
      "text": "Looking to get started with the Twitter API but new to APIs in general? @jessicagarson will walk you through everything you need to know in APIs 101 session. She’ll use examples using our v2 endpoints, Tuesday, March 23rd at 1 pm EST.nnJoin us on Twitchnhttps://t.co/GrtBOXyHmB"
    },
    {
      "id": "1372627771717869568",
      "text": "Thanks to everyone who joined and made today a great session! 🙌 nnIf weren't able to attend, we've got you covered. Academic researchers can now sign up for office hours for help using the new product track. See how you can sign up, here 👇nhttps://t.co/duIkd27lPx https://t.co/AP9YY4F8FG"
    },
    {
      "id": "1367519323925843968",
      "text": "Meet Aviary, a modern client for iOS 14 built using the new Twitter API. It has a beautiful UI and great widgets to keep you up to date with the latest Tweets. https://t.co/95cbd253jK"
    },
    {
      "id": "1366832168333234177",
      "text": "The new #TwitterAPI provides the ability to build the Tweet payload with the fields that you want. nnIn this tutorial @suhemparack explains how to build the new Tweet payload and how it compares with the old Tweet payload in v1.1 👇 https://t.co/eQZulq4Ik3"
    },
    {
      "id": "1364984313154916352",
      "text": "“I was heading to a design conference in New York and wanted to meet new people,” recalls @aaronykng, creator of @flocknet. “There wasn't an easy way to see all of the designers in my network, so I built one.” Making things like this opened the doors for him to the tech industry."
    },
    {
      "id": "1364275610764201984",
      "text": "If you're newly approved for the Academic Research product track, our next stream is for you.nnThis Thursday, February 25th at 10AM PST @suhemparack will demo how academics can use this track to get started with the new #TwitterAPInnJoin us on Twitch! 👀nhttps://t.co/SQziibOD9P"
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "newest_id": "1373001119480344583",
    "oldest_id": "1364275610764201984",
    "result_count": 6
  }
}
    
      {
  "data": [
    {
      "text": "Looking to get started with the Twitter API but new to APIs in general? @jessicagarson will walk you through everything you need to know in APIs 101 session. She’ll use examples using our v2 endpoints, Tuesday, March 23rd at 1 pm EST.nnJoin us on Twitchnhttps://t.co/GrtBOXyHmB",
      "author_id": "2244994945",
      "id": "1373001119480344583",
      "lang": "en",
      "conversation_id": "1373001119480344583",
      "created_at": "2021-03-19T19:59:10.000Z"
    }
  ],
  "includes": {
    "users": [
      {
        "id": "2244994945",
        "entities": {
          "url": {
            "urls": [
              {
                "start": 0,
                "end": 23,
                "url": "https://t.co/3ZX3TNiZCY",
                "expanded_url": "https://developer.twitter.com/en/community",
                "display_url": "developer.twitter.com/en/community"
              }
            ]
          },
          "description": {
            "hashtags": [
              {
                "start": 17,
                "end": 28,
                "tag": "TwitterDev"
              },
              {
                "start": 105,
                "end": 116,
                "tag": "TwitterAPI"
              }
            ]
          }
        },
        "created_at": "2013-12-14T04:35:55.000Z",
        "username": "TwitterDev",
        "name": "Twitter Dev"
      }
    ]
  },
  "meta": {
    "newest_id": "1373001119480344583",
    "oldest_id": "1373001119480344583",
    "result_count": 1
  }
}
    

Response fields

NameTypeDescription
id
 Default 
stringUnique identifier of this Tweet. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.
text
 Default 
stringThe content of the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=text in the request's query parameter.
created_atdate (ISO 8601)Creation time of the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=created_at in the request's query parameter.
author_idstringUnique identifier of this user. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=author_id in the request's query parameter.
conversation_idstringThe Tweet ID of the original Tweet of the conversation (which includes direct replies, replies of replies).

To return this field, add tweet.fields=conversation_id in the request's query parameter.
in_reply_to_user_idstringIf this Tweet is a Reply, indicates the user ID of the parent Tweet's author. This is returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=in_reply_to_user_id in the request's query parameter.
referenced_tweetsarrayA list of Tweets this Tweet refers to. For example, if the parent Tweet is a Retweet, a Retweet with comment (also known as Quoted Tweet) or a Reply, it will include the related Tweet referenced to by its parent.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=referenced_tweets in the request's query parameter.
referenced_tweets.typeenum (retweeted, quoted, replied_to)Indicates the type of relationship between this Tweet and the Tweet returned in the response: retweeted (this Tweet is a Retweet), quoted (a Retweet with comment, also known as Quoted Tweet), or replied_to (this Tweet is a reply).
referenced_tweets.idstringThe unique identifier of the referenced Tweet.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.tweets by adding expansions=referenced_tweets.id in the request's query parameter.
attachmentsobjectSpecifies the type of attachments (if any) present in this Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=attachments in the request's query parameter.
attachments.media_keysarrayList of unique identifiers of media attached to this Tweet. These identifiers use the same media key format as those returned by the Media Library.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.media by adding expansions=attachments.media_keys in the request's query parameter.
attachments.poll_idsarrayList of unique identifiers of polls present in the Tweets returned. These are returned as a string in order to avoid complications with languages and tools that cannot handle large integers.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.polls by adding expansions=attachments.polls_ids in the request's query parameter.
geoobjectContains details about the location tagged by the user in this Tweet, if they specified one.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=geo in the request's query parameter.
geo.coordinatesobjectContains details about the coordinates of the location tagged by the user in this Tweet, if they specified one.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=geo.coordinates in the request's query parameter.
geo.coordinates.typestringDescribes the type of coordinate. The only value supported at present is Point.
geo.coordinates.coordinatesarrayA pair of decimal values representing the precise location of the user (latitude, longitude). This value be null unless the user explicitly shared their precise location.
geo.place_idstringThe unique identifier of the place, if this is a point of interest tagged in the Tweet.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.places by adding expansions=geo.place_id in the request's query parameter.
context_annotationsarrayContains context annotations for the Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=context_annotations in the request's query parameter.
context_annotations.domainobjectContains elements which identify detailed information regarding the domain classification based on Tweet text.
context_annotations.domain.idstringContains the numeric value of the domain.
context_annotations.domain.namestringDomain name based on the Tweet text.
context_annotations.domain.descriptionstringLong form description of domain classification.
context_annotations.entityobjectContains elements which identify detailed information regarding the domain classification bases on Tweet text.
context_annotations.entity.idstringUnique value which correlates to an explicitly mentioned Person, Place, Product or Organization
context_annotations.entity.namestringName or reference of entity referenced in the Tweet.
context_annotations.entity.descriptionstringAdditional information regarding referenced entity.
entitiesobjectContains details about text that has a special meaning in a Tweet.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=entities in the request's query parameter.
entities.annotationsarrayContains details about annotations relative to the text within a Tweet.
entities.annotations.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the text used to annotate the Tweet. All start indices are inclusive.
entities.annotations.endintegerThe end position (zero based) of the text used to annotate the Tweet. While all other end indices are exclusive, this one is inclusive.
entities.annotations.probabilitynumberThe confidence score for the annotation as it correlates to the Tweet text.
entities.annotations.typestringThe description of the type of entity identified when the Tweet text was interpreted.
entities.annotations.normalized_textstringThe text used to determine the annotation type.
entities.urlsarrayContains details about text recognized as a URL.
entities.urls.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized URL within the Tweet. All start indices are inclusive.
entities.urls.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized URL within the Tweet. This end index is exclusive.
entities.urls.urlstringThe URL in the format tweeted by the user.
entities.urls.expanded_urlstringThe fully resolved URL.
entities.urls.display_urlstringThe URL as displayed in the Twitter client.
entities.urls.unwound_urlstringThe full destination URL.
entities.hashtagsarrayContains details about text recognized as a Hashtag.
entities.hashtags.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized Hashtag within the Tweet. All start indices are inclusive.
entities.hashtags.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized Hashtag within the Tweet. This end index is exclusive.
entities.hashtags.tagstringThe text of the Hashtag.
entities.mentionsarrayContains details about text recognized as a user mention.
entities.mentions.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized user mention within the Tweet. All start indices are inclusive.
entities.mentions.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized user mention within the Tweet. This end index is exclusive.
entities.mentions.usernamestringThe part of text recognized as a user mention.

You can obtain the expanded object in includes.users by adding expansions=entities.mentions.username in the request's query parameter.
entities.cashtagsarrayContains details about text recognized as a Cashtag.
entities.cashtags.startintegerThe start position (zero-based) of the recognized Cashtag within the Tweet. All start indices are inclusive.
entities.cashtags.endintegerThe end position (zero-based) of the recognized Cashtag within the Tweet. This end index is exclusive.
entities.cashtags.tagstringThe text of the Cashtag.
withheldobjectContains withholding details for withheld content.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=withheld in the request's query parameter.
withheld.copyrightbooleanIndicates if the content is being withheld for on the basis of copyright infringement.
withheld.country_codesarrayProvides a list of countries where this content is not available.
withheld.scopeenum (tweet, user)Indicates whether the content being withheld is a Tweet or a user.
public_metricsobjectEngagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=public_metrics in the request's query parameter.
public_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted.
public_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of Replies of this Tweet.
public_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of Likes of this Tweet.
public_metrics.quote_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted with a comment (also known as Quote).
non_public_metricsobjectNon-public engagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=non_public_metrics in the request's query parameter.
non_public_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
non_public_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
non_public_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metricsobjectOrganic engagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request. Requires user context authentication.
organic_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed organically. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet organically. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet organically - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
organic_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been Retweeted organically.
organic_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of replies the Tweet has received organically.
organic_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of likes the Tweet has received organically.
promoted_metricsobjectEngagement metrics for the Tweet at the time of the request in a promoted context. Requires user context authentication.
promoted_metrics.impression_countintegerNumber of times the Tweet has been viewed when that Tweet is being promoted. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.url_link_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks on a URL link or URL preview card in a Tweet when it is being promoted. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.user_profile_clicksintegerNumber of times a user clicks the following portions of a Tweet when it is being promoted - display name, user name, profile picture. This is a private metric, and requires the use of OAuth 1.0a User Context authentication.
promoted_metrics.retweet_countintegerNumber of times this Tweet has been Retweeted when that Tweet is being promoted.
promoted_metrics.reply_countintegerNumber of Replies to this Tweet when that Tweet is being promoted.
promoted_metrics.like_countintegerNumber of Likes of this Tweet when that Tweet is being promoted.
possibly_sensitivebooleanIndicates if this Tweet contains URLs marked as sensitive, for example content suitable for mature audiences.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=possibly_sensitive in the request's query parameter.
langstringLanguage of the Tweet, if detected by Twitter. Returned as a BCP47 language tag.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=lang in the request's query parameter.
reply_settingsstringShows who can reply to this Tweet. Fields returned are everyone, mentionedUsers, and following.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=reply_settings in the request's query parameter.
sourcestringThe name of the app the user Tweeted from.

To return this field, add tweet.fields=source in the request's query parameter.
includesobjectIf you include an expansion parameter, the referenced objects will be returned if available.
includes.tweetsarrayWhen including the expansions=referenced_tweets.id parameter, this includes a list of referenced Retweets, Quoted Tweets, or replies in the form of Tweet objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the tweet.fields parameter, assuming there is a referenced Tweet present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.usersarrayWhen including the expansions=author_id parameter, this includes a list of referenced Tweet authors in the form of user objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the user.fields parameter.
includes.placesarrayWhen including the expansions=geo.place_id parameter, this includes a list of referenced places in Tweets in the form of place objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the place.fields parameter, assuming there is a place present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.mediaarrayWhen including the expansions=attachments.media_keys parameter, this includes a list of images, videos, and GIFs included in Tweets in the form of media objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the media.fields parameter, assuming there is a media attachment present in the returned Tweet(s).
includes.pollsstringWhen including the expansions=attachments.poll_ids parameter, this includes a list of polls that are attached to Tweets in the form of poll objects with their default fields and any additional fields requested using the poll.fields parameter, assuming there is a poll present in the returned Tweet(s).
meta
 Default 
objectThis object contains information about the number of users returned in the current request and pagination details.
meta.count
 Default 
integerThe number of Tweet results returned in the response.
meta.newest_id
 Default 
stringThe Tweet ID of the most recent Tweet returned in the response.
meta.oldest_id
 Default 
stringThe Tweet ID of the oldest Tweet returned in the response.
meta.next_tokenstringA value that encodes the next 'page' of results that can be requested, via the next_token request parameter.
errorsobjectContains details about errors that affected any of the requested Tweets. See Status codes and error messages for more details.