POST direct_messages/events/new (message_create)

Publishes a new message_create event resulting in a Direct Message sent to a specified user from the authenticating user. Returns an event if successful. Supports publishing Direct Messages with optional Quick Reply and media attachment. Replaces behavior currently provided by POST direct_messages/new.

Requires a JSON POST body and Content-Type header to be set to application/json. Setting Content-Length may also be required if it is not automatically.

Resource URL

https://api.twitter.com/1.1/direct_messages/events/new.json

Resource Information

Response formats JSON
Content-Type application/json
Requires authentication? Yes (user context only)
Rate limited? Yes
Requests / 24-hour window 1000 per user; 15000 per app

Direct Message Rate Limiting

When a message is received from a user you may send up to 5 messages in response within a 24 hour window. Each message received resets the 24 hour window and the 5 allotted messages. Sending a 6th message within a 24 hour window or sending a message outside of a 24 hour window will count towards rate-limiting. This behavior only applies when using the POST direct_messages/events/new endpoint.

Event Object

type (required) The type of event you are posting. For Direct Messages, use message_create
message_create.target.recipient_id (required) The ID of the user who should receive the direct message.
message_create.message_data (required) The Message Data Object defining the content to deliver to the reciepient.

Message Data Object

text (required) The text of your Direct Message. URL encode as necessary. Max length of 10,000 characters. Max length of 9,990 characters if used as a Welcome Message.
quick_reply.type (optional)

The Quick Reply type to present to the user (example requests below):

  • options - Array of Options objects (20 max).
  • text_input - Text Input object.
  • location - Location object.
attachment.type (optional) The attachment type. Can be media or location.
attachment.media.id (optional) A media id to associate with the message. A Direct Message may only reference a single media_id. See Uploading Media for further details on uploading media.

Note

See Attaching Media to Direct Messages for details on including an image, GIF or video in Direct Messages.

Example request

curl --request POST 
--url https://api.twitter.com/1.1/direct_messages/events/new.json 
--header 'authorization: OAuth oauth_consumer_key="YOUR_CONSUMER_KEY", oauth_nonce="AUTO_GENERATED_NONCE", oauth_signature="AUTO_GENERATED_SIGNATURE", oauth_signature_method="HMAC-SHA1", oauth_timestamp="AUTO_GENERATED_TIMESTAMP", oauth_token="USERS_ACCESS_TOKEN", oauth_version="1.0"' 
--header 'content-type: application/json' 
--data '{"event": {"type": "message_create", "message_create": {"target": {"recipient_id": "RECIPIENT_USER_ID"}, "message_data": {"text": "Hello World!"}}}}'
twurl -A 'Content-type: application/json' -X POST /1.1/direct_messages/events/new.json -d '{"event": {"type": "message_create", "message_create": {"target": {"recipient_id": "RECIPIENT_USER_ID"}, "message_data": {"text": "Hello World!"}}}}'

Example Response

{
"event": {
  "type": "message_create",
  "message_create": {
    "target": {
      "recipient_id": "RECIPIENT_USER_ID"
    },
    "message_data": {
      "text": "Hello World!",
    }
  }
}
}

Note

See media/entity documentation for details on returned media object properties.